Centro de Arte Reina Sofia (Queen Sofia Art Center), also known as Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia (MNCARS) treats visitors to look at the Europe’s finest collection in the twentieth century art. Highlights of the museum include excellent collections in modern art by Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, and Joan Miro. Along with other artists such as Eduardo Chillida, Pablo Gargallo, Julio González, Juan Gris, Luis Gordillo, Lucio Muñoz, Jorge Oteiza, Pablo Serrano, José Gutiérrez Solana, Antoni Tàpies. And other works by international artists including Francis Bacon, Robert Delaunay, Man Ray and a lot more.
The museum which is informally shorten as the Sofia named after Dona Sofia (the present Queen of Spain), offers a colorful and educational experience that everyone especially art enthusiast should not miss. Some of the museum’s main attractions are Picasso’s Guernica and Woman in Blue, Miró’s Portrait II and Dali’s Landscapes at Cadaqués to name a few. In addition to the remarkable object d’art, the museum is also home to an extensive library that includes a collection of more than 100,000 books, 1,000 periodicals, 1,000 videodisc selections, audio tapes and photographs and slides, etcétera. With Sofia Museum’s increasing collection of great works of art, it is considered one of the world’s finest modern and contemporary art collections.
The building itself has a rich history which is formally a hospital known as Hospital General way back in 1566. Being the only hospital in the city that time, the building was designed to be spacious. however as years past by, the building was no longer used as a hospital and barely escaped several attempts of demolitions, at the hands of those who considered the big building unappealing. It was only in 1977 that the building was saved when a Royal Degree declared it to be a National Monument.
Today, the museum’s building is an excellent place for guests to explore the works of Spain’s contemporary artists. However before this building arrive at their present state of being appreciated, the building has to undergo a long process of remodeling. Around 1980, Architect Antonio Fernández Alba created a designed to renovate the building. Almost a decade later, its finishing touches were made by Antonio Vázquez de Castro and José Luis Iñíguez de Onzoño. While the three glass circulation towers by Ian Ritcie radically changed the building’s architectural identify in 1989. From the renovations made, the old building was magically transformed into a contemporary sense and was eventually converted into a museum in September 10, 1992. As of the present, the latest renovation was the extension designed by Jean Nouvel, a French architect was added in 2005.